A summary of the different classifications of wine:
- Wine is mainly made from grapes, but it can be made from other fruits (called fruit wine) and grains like pomegranates or rice.
- Most fruits naturally lack either the high amount of fermentable sugars, relatively low acidity, yeast nutrients needed to make wine, this grapes are mostly used.
- European & American wines are mostly classified by geography and non-European (New World) by the grape used.
- The European Union and the USA use an appellation system, although there are slight variations. Each level of classification donates where the wine was made, quality and usually the style (e.g. dry red) of the wine.
- The lowest appellation in the European system is Vin de France, then going higher it is Indication Géographique Protégée then Appellation d’Origine Protégée.
- The higher the appellation, the more specific the geographical area, the higher the quality and the stricter the control of what grapes are used and how the wine is produced. For example, if a wine is a Vin de France, the grapes can be of any type and can be grown anywhere.
- New World wines are mostly classified by the grape type used,
Summary on the different types of table wine:
- Colour: The colour of the grape used changes the colour of the wine.
- Red: Made from black grapes, the skin of the grapes giving the wine its colour.
- White: Made from green grapes.
- Rose: Made from black grapes but is a more pink colour because the skins are removed.
- Sweetness: When fortified the yeast takes up the sugar changing the sweetness. The longer it is fortified, the drier the wine.
- Sweet: sugar 3-8% alcohol 12.9%
- Semi-dry: white wine & roses, sugar up to 0.5-3% and alcohol 12.9%
- Dry: red & white wines, sugar 0.3% and alcohol 9-14%
- Body: The feel of the wine in your mouth
- Light bodied: Light and fresh
- Medium bodied: Rich and textured
- Full bodied: Powerful and heavy
Summary of other types of wine:
- Sparkling wine: Wines with bubbles. The most famous sparkling wine is Champagne, which is a wine that is made in Champagne, France. It is a common misconception that all sparkling wines are called ‘Champagne’, but this name only refers to the sparkling wine made in that region.
- Fortified wine: Any wine that has a spirit added to it, most often brandy.
- Dessert wine: The most sweet of all wines. It is technically a fortified wine but it differs as it is supposed to be drunk with a meal, whereas fortified wine is drunk before or after a meal.
What glass to use for different types of wine:
- White wine: A glass shaped like a tulip.
- Red wine: A glass that is round with a large bowl.
- Sparkling wine: A tall and thin glass (a.k.a. a champagne flute).
- Dessert wine: A small glass that directs the wine to the back of the mouth.
Other facts about wine you may wish to know:
- The year a wine was made is called the Vintage.
Vatican City consumes more wine than any other country at 365 glasses per year, per person.
- More than 90% of wines should be consumed within a year.
In ancient Greece, a dinner host would take the first sip of wine to assure guests the wine was not poisoned, hence the phrasedrinking to one’s health.”
The world’s oldest bottle of wine dates back to A.D. 325 and was found near the town of Speyer, Germany, inside one of two Roman sarcophaguses. It is on display at the town’s Historisches Museum der Pfalz.
- One ton of grapes makes about 60 cases of wine, or 720 bottles. One bottle of wine contains about 2.8 pounds of grapes.
- The Greek God of wine is Dionysus, the Roman equivalent Bacchus.
- Oenophobia is an intense fear or hatred of wine.
- The earliest production of wine so far discovered occurred in c. 6000 BC, in Georgia.
- The ancient Egyptians used to not drink wine because they associated it with the blood of people who had fought against the gods.
For more information on the taste of the different kinds of wine, and how to read a label that uses he appellation system, see the picture above.
Kir is popular French cocktail made with a measure of creme de cassis topped up with white wine. Originally called “blanc-cassis” the drink is now named after Felix Kir, mayor of Dijon in Burgundy.
90 ml. (3 oz.) white wine
10 ml. (0.3 oz.) creme de cassis
Add the creme de cassis to the bottom of the glass, then top up with wine.
- Cardinal - made with red wine instead of white.
- Hibiscus Royal - made with sparkling wine, peach liqueur, raspberry liqueur and an edible hibiscus flower.
- Kir Imperial - made with raspberry liqueur instead of cassis and champagne.
- Kir Royal - made with champagne.
Always love a good wine guide.
WHITE WINE AROMAS
Wine is a poetic drink. Everyone has a personal perception when tasting a wine. Hundreds of aromas and flavors can be found in red and white wines. Here are a few fine classics of combination between wine and aroma :
3. Pinot Grigio
5. Sauvignon Blanc
Korea. Seoul. 2014F/W Fashion week. Mar 2014